The family of Jules Bianchi is launching legal action against the FIA, Formula One Management and the Marussia Manor team.
Bianchi suffered severe head injuries at the 2014 Japanese Grand Prix after a collision with a recovery vehicle.
After a nine-month long battle, Bianchi died last July as a result of his injuries.
“We seek justice for Jules, and want to establish the truth about the decisions that led to our son's crash at the Japanese Grand Prix in 2014,” said Bianchi's father Phillipe.
“As a family, we have so many unanswered questions and feel that Jules' accident and death could have been avoided if a series of mistakes had not been made.”
An FIA accident panel set up in the wake of Bianchi’s accident deemed that the Frenchman had failed to sufficiently slow down ahead of his crash.
The Bianchi family disputes the accident panel’s apportion of blame and want to battle to clear their son’s name.
Stewarts Law partner Julian Chamberlayne, who is representing the Bianchi family, said: “Jules Bianchi's death was avoidable.
“The FIA Panel Inquiry Report into this accident made numerous recommendations to improve safety in Formula One but failed to identify where errors had been made which led to Jules' death.
“It was surprising and distressing to the Bianchi family that the FIA panel in its conclusions, whilst noting a number of contributing factors, blamed Jules.
“The Bianchi family are determined that this legal process should require those involved to provide answers and to take responsibility for any failings.
“This is important if current and future drivers are to have confidence that safety in the sport will be put first.
“If this had been the case in Suzuka, Jules Bianchi would most likely still be alive and competing in the sport he loved today.”
Bianchi's parents, Philippe and Christine, have set up a charitable organisation to support young and aspiring drivers in memory of their son.